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N2O templates. Erlydtl

пн 04 мая 2020, tags: ErlangN2OTutorial

Re-posting from 2014-09-26

If you do use Django, ROR or any other modern framework, you should be familiar with templates. In N2O you can use Erlydtl templates. In this part we will show how to create a view that will be rendering a simple Erlydtl template.

For this step we should follow these steps

  • Create a view
  • Create a Erlydtl template
  • Add a route to the routes.erl file
  • Create a new rebar.config in web directory for the proper template compilation
$ touch apps/web/src/erlydtl_page.erl       # create a view
$ touch apps/web/src/rebar.config           # create rebar config
$ mkdir apps/web/priv/templates             # create templates directory
$ touch apps/web/priv/templates/example.dtl # create dtl template file

Let's start from a route

$ vim apps/web/src/routes.erl
route(<<"/erlydtl_page">>) -> erlydtl_page;   % erlydtl page mapping
route(<<"/n2o_page">>)     -> n2o_page;
route(_)                   -> index.

Next we will add a content to the dtl template. Basic template with a single variable

$ echo "Hello Erlydtl. I am {{name}}!" > apps/web/priv/templates/example.dtl

Now when template is ready, let's configure rebar.

Open rebar.config in the web directory

$ vim apps/web/rebar.config
{erlydtl_opts, [
    {doc_root, "priv/templates"},                     % directory with templates
    {out_dir, "ebin"},                                % output directory
    {compiler_options, [report, return, debug_info]}, % compiler options
    {source_ext, ".dtl"},                             % templates extension
    {module_ext, "_view"}                             % module extension

After that, during compilation you should see messages about template compilation

And finally, edit the view

$ vim apps/web/src/erlydtl_page.erl

main() ->
    #dtl{file="example",     % filename
         ext="dtl",          % extension
           {name, <<"N2O">>} % template bindings

Now we can compile, run our project and check it out in browser by http://localhost:8002/erlydtl_page url.

$ ./rebar compile
$ erl -name "web@$(hostname)" -pa deps/*/ebin -pa apps/*/ebin -boot start_sasl -s web_app start

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